The Wisdom of Confucius






The Wisdom
of Confucius


with critical and biographical sketches by



Art Type Edition




Books, Inc.

Copyright, 1900



[Pg vii]


Introduction 3
       I.On Learning—Miscellaneous Sayings8
      II.Good Government—Filial Piety—The Superior Man12
     III.Abuse of Proprieties in Ceremonial and Music16
     IV.Social Virtue—Superior and Inferior Man22
      V.A Disciple and the Golden Rule—Miscellaneous25
     VI.More Characteristics—Wisdom—Philanthropy31
    VII.Characteristics of Confucius—An Incident36
   VIII.Sayings of Tsang—Sentences of the Master42
     IX.His Favorite Disciple's Opinion of Him46
      X.Confucius in Private and Official Life51
     XI.Comparative Worth of His Disciples56
    XII.The Master's Answers—Philanthropy—Friendships62
   XIII.Answers on the Art of Governing—Consistency68
   XIV.Good and Bad Government—Miscellaneous Sayings75
    XV.Practical Wisdom—Reciprocity the Rule of Life83
   XVI.Against Intestine Strife—Good and Bad Friendships88
  XVII.The Master Induced to Take Office—Nature and Habit93
 XVIII.Good Men in Seclusion—Duke of Chow to His Son99
    XIX.Teachings of Various Chief Disciples103
     XX.Extracts from the Book of History108
Introduction 113
Book I. King Hwuy of Lang.  
  Part I 115
 [Books II, III, and IV are omitted]  [Pg viii]
Book V. Wan Chang.  
  Part I 128
Introduction 143
 Part I. Lessons from the States. 
Book I. The Odes of Chow and the South.  
  Celebrating the Virtue of King Wan's Bride 145
  Celebrating the Industry of King Wan's Queen 146
  In Praise of a Bride 146
  Celebrating T‘ae-Sze's Freedom from Jealousy 147
  The Fruitfulness of the Locust 147
  Lamenting the Absence of a Cherished Friend 148
  Celebrating the Goodness of the Descendants of King Wan 149
  The Virtuous Manners of the Young Women 149
  Praise of a Rabbit-Catcher 150
  The Song of the Plantain-Gatherers 151
  The Affection of the Wives on the Joo 151
Book II. The Odes of Shaou and the South.  
  The Marriage of a Princess 152
  The Industry and Reverence of a Prince's Wife 152
  The Wife of Some Great Officer Bewails his Absence 153
  The Diligence of the Young Wife of an Officer 154
  The Love of the People for the Duke of Shaou 154
  The Easy Dignity of the Officers at Some Court 155
  Anxiety of a Young Lady to Get Married 155
Book III. The Odes of P‘ei.  
  An Officer Bewails the Neglect with which He is Treated 157
  A Wife Deplores the Absence of Her Husband 158
  The Plaint of a Rejected Wife 159
  Soldiers of Wei Bewail Separation from their Families 161
  An Officer Tells of His Mean Employment 161
  An Officer Sets Forth His Hard Lot 162 [Pg ix]
  The Complaint of a Neglected Wife 163
  In Praise of a Maiden 164
  Discontent 164
  Chwang Keang Bemoans Her Husband's Cruelty 165
 [Books IV, V, and VI are omitted] 
Book VII. The Odes of Ch‘ing.  
  The People's Admiration for Duke Woo 167
  A Wife Consoled by Her Husband's Arrival 168
  In Praise of Some Lady 168
  A Man's Praise of His Wife 169
  An Entreaty 169
  A Woman Scorning Her Lover 169
  A Lady Mourns the Absence of Her Student Lover 170
Book VIII. The Odes of Ts‘e.  
  A Wife Urging Her Husband to Action 171
  The Folly of Useless Effort 172
  The Prince of Loo 172
Book IX. The Odes of Wei.  
  On the Misgovernment of the State 174
  The Mean Husband 175
  A Young Soldier on Service 175
Book X. The Odes of T‘ang.  
  The King Goes to War 177
  Lament of a Bereaved Person 178
  The Drawbacks of Poverty 179
  A Wife Mourns for Her Husband 179
Book XI. The Odes of Ts‘in.  
  Celebrating the Opulence of the Lords of Ts‘in 181
  A Complaint 182
  A Wife's Grief Because of Her Husband's Absence 182
  Lament for Three Brothers 183
  In Praise of a Ruler of Ts‘in 184
  The Generous Nephew 185
Book XII. The Odes of Ch‘in.  
  The Contentment of a Poor Recluse 186
  The Disappointed Lover 186 [Pg x]
  A Love-Song 187
  The Lament of a Lover 187
Book XIII. The Odes of Kwei.  
  The Wish of an Unhappy Man 189
Book XIV. The Odes of Ts‘aou.  
  Against Frivolous Pursuits 190
Book XV. The Odes of Pin.  
  The Duke of Chow Tells of His Soldiers 191
  There is a Proper Way for Doing Everything 192
 Part II. Minor Odes of the Kingdom. 
Book I. Decade of Luh Ming.  
  A Festal Ode 194
  A Festal Ode Complimenting an Officer 195
  The Value of Friendship 196
  The Response to a Festal Ode 198
  An Ode of Congratulation 199
  An Ode on the Return of the Troops 200
Book II. The Decade of Pih Hwa.  
  An Ode Appropriate to a Festivity 203
Book III. The Decade of T‘ung Kung.  
  Celebrating a Hunting Expedition 204
  The King's Anxiety for His Morning Levee 205
  Moral Lessons from Natural Facts 206
Book IV. The Decade of K‘e-Foo.  
  On the Completion of a Royal Palace 207
  The Condition of King Seuen's Flocks 208
Book V. The Decade of Seaou Min.  
  A Eunuch Complains of His Fate 210
  An Officer Deplores the Misery of the Time 212
  On the Alienation of a Friend 213
Book VI. The Decade of Pih Shan.  
  A Picture of Husbandry 215
  The Complaint of an Officer 216
Book VII. Decade of Sang Hoo.  
  The Rejoicings of a Bridegroom 219
  Against Listening to Slanderers 220 [Pg xi]
Book VIII. The Decade of Too Jin Sze.  
  In Praise of By-gone Simplicity 221
  A Wife Bemoans Her Husband's Absence 222
  The Earl of Shaou's Work 223
  The Plaint of King Yew's Forsaken Wife 224
  Hospitality 226
  On the Misery of Soldiers 226
 Part III. Greater Odes of the Kingdom. 
Book I. Decade of King Wan.  
  Celebrating King Wan 228
 [Book II is omitted] 
Book III. Decade of Tang.  
  King Seuen on the Occasion of a Great Drought 231
 Part IV. Odes of the Temple and Altar. 
Book I. Sacrificial Odes of Chow.  
  Appropriate to a Sacrifice to King Wan 235
  On Sacrificing to the Kings Woo, Ching, and K‘ang 236

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